Recognizing Different Types of Malware and How to Prevent It

Malicious software (malware) is a type of software intended to disable or damage computers and computer systems. It can affect a computer’s primary functions as well as steal data and gain access to the computer. Therefore, malware has the intention of harming the computer’s hardware and the data it contains.

Studies show that millions of new malware variants are detected each year. These malware variants can cause minor to grave computer malfunctions and information theft. Experts categorize malware based on these five common groups.

#1 Virus

It is the most common type of malware. Chances are your computer, or one of your devices has been attacked by viruses at least once.

Viruses can damage the computer and computer system through data corruption. It could also reformat your hard disk or shut down your system completely. These effects of viruses can lead to loss of confidential and important files, information theft, and many more.

A computer virus can be transferred to another computer by attaching itself from a program or a device. Viruses can’t infect one computer without human intervention. Thus, it requires human action to spread, either from connecting an infected device to a computer or via email attachments and internet downloads.

#2 Trojan Horse

The Trojan horse or simply the Trojan enters a computer system in a disguise of a normal and harmless file. It is a method hackers use to trick individuals from downloading and installing the malware. After downloading and installing the file, you are allowing cybercriminals access to your computer or computer system. They can infiltrate your database, collect information, steal data, manipulate files, and destroy data.

Though Trojans can’t replicate, unlike viruses, they can do great damage on computers.

#3 Worm

A worm is a common malware that spreads on computer systems by replicating itself without the need for human action.

A worm is a standalone program that can exploit operating system vulnerabilities. It can execute a payload that has the power to delete files, steal information, and destroy data.

#4 Ransomware

It is a type of malware that encrypts data and holds it captive. It demands payment to release the data and give it back to you.

Ransomware only restricts the users from accessing the computer. Though it does not destroy your data, you’ll be forced to pay the attacker to release the restrictions on your computer.

#5 Adware

Another common form of malware is Adware. It exposes and compromises the user to unwanted and malicious advertising. It could direct the user’s browser searches to resemble web pages that contain product promotions.

How to Prevent Malware Attacks?

You can protect your computer and computer system from malware attacks by using anti-malware software like Malwarebytes. This program shields your computer from cybercriminals and prevents data theft.

Malwarebytes is currently one of the best-selling anti-malware programs today. You can check out an honest review of Malwarebytes Anti-Malware Premium 3.0 to find out additional details regarding the software.


Malware can inflict great damage on your computer and files. You can protect your computer from malware attacks. All you have to do is find a high-performing and reliable anti-malware program.

If you have questions about anti-malware software, go to App Soft Hub.

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